You can always get an idea of how old someone is just by looking at their skin on their face or neck, or by feeling their hands. And even though we know its normal to get wrinkles as you age, as woman we are still on the hunt for ways to look younger and more refreshed. When you’re young you don’t have wrinkles because the skin usually does a great job of stretching and holding in moisture. However, as you get older you’ll start noticing little fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes and mouth. Skin can start to look slightly duller and less plump from as early as in your 20’s.
So how do we get rid of it?
Well there are a plethora of serums, creams, gels on the market all claiming to be the best treatment for wrinkles. But before we can treat something, we have to understand where it came from.
Our skin has three layers:
- The Epidermis (outer layer) acts as a barrier to outside elements and contains skin cells, pigment and protein.
- The Dermis (middle layer) is found beneath the epidermis and contains blood vessels, hair follicles and sweat glands. It gives your skin strength as it contains collagen and elastin.
- The Subcutaneous layer (inner layer) is underneath the dermis and is made up of connective tissue and fat cells. This gives skin its shape and provides the body with insulation as well as acting as a cushion for the outer skin layers.
Collagen is a protein which helps the skin appear firm and supple. When you age, the dermis loses elastin and collagen, making the skin thinner and more difficult to get moisture to the epidermis. The fat in the subcutaneous layer that gives the skin the plump appearance slowly starts to fade and the epidermis starts to sag creating a fold or crease in the skin known as wrinkles.
A more scientific way to describe the development of facial wrinkles is like fibrosis for the skin, according to Wikipedia. It suggests that wrinkles form due to incorrect repairs and injured elastic and collagen fibers. During the repairing process, some of the broken fibers are not regenerated but replaced by long and short altered collagen fibers, making the skin looser and stiffer. As the shorter collagen fibers restrict the extension of the longer fibers, it leaves the longer fibers in a folding state permanently, forming wrinkles as well.
But is this the only way you can get wrinkles?
Aside from the normal aging process listed above, there are some environmental factors that are known to promote the development of wrinkles such as
- Smoking: – Regular smoking is one of the major causes of premature wrinkles simply because it leads to a reduced blood supply to the skin.
- Genetic Factors: – if your parents develop wrinkles earlier than other people, chances are you will too.
- Exposure to UV light: – Ultraviolet radiation speeds up the natural aging process and is the primary cause of early wrinkling. Exposure to UV light breaks down your skin connective tissue and without it your skin looses strength and flexibility. Therefore, people who spend a considerable amount of time in the sun are more likely to develop wrinkles earlier.
- Facial expressions: – people who repeatedly squint, smile or frown are said to develop fine lines and wrinkles earlier than others who don’t do these facial expressions so often. According to Mayo Clinic, each time you use a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. When you’re young the skin springs back, but as it gets older it looses flexibility and the springing back becomes less frequent resulting in more permanent grooves.
Even though some people age quicker than others because of genetics or environmental factors, eventually everyone will have at least a few wrinkles on their face. In order to slow down this aging process, it’s imperative that you start taking care of your skin from an early age by not spending too much time in direct sunlight, not smoking, staying hydrated and moisturizing your skin especially during months when the air is drier. Just remember that wrinkles don’t have to be your enemy. Sometimes when you accept the things you can’t change, people wont pay attention to it and neither will you. HAPPY AGING!